Types Of Nouns
A. Proper Nouns
You always write a proper noun with a capital letter, since the noun represents the name of a specific person, place, or thing. The names of days of the week, months, historical documents, institutions, organisations, religions, their holy texts and their adherents are proper nouns.
In each of the following sentences, the proper nouns are highlighted:
- This man lived in China for fourteen years.
- Many people don’t like Mondays.
- Valentine’s Day is celebrated every February.
- Joseph had a coat of many colors, according to the Bible.
- Last year, I became friends with a Muslim from Egypt.
B. Common Nouns
A common noun is a noun referring to a person, place, or thing in a general sense — usually, it is written with a small letter.
In each of the following sentences, the common nouns are highlighted:
- Do not take your parents for granted.
- Can I please borrow some sugar?
- Are we going to the movies yet?
- Lisa, please hang my coat.
- That cat is so adorable!
C. Concrete Nouns
A concrete noun is a noun which names anything (or anyone) that can be perceived through the 5 physical senses: touch, sight, taste, hearing, or smell.
The highlighted words in the following sentences are all concrete nouns:
- My sister likes fiddling with her cellphone.
- The soup is too hot for me.
- The clouds make the sky look a little gloomy today.
- I can hear Ronald’s footsteps coming.
- His fart stinks really bad!
D. Abstract Nouns
An abstract noun names anything which you can not perceive through your five physical senses
The highlighted words in the following sentences are all abstract nouns:
- Buying the grand piano was an afterthought.
- Jillian is amused by people who are nostalgic about childhood.
- Revenge is a dish best served cold.
- Scientists believe that Alzheimer’s disease is transmitted genetically.
E. Count Nouns
A count noun names anything (or anyone) that you can count. Countable nouns are the opposite of non-countable nouns and collective nouns.
In each of the following sentences, the highlighted words are countable nouns:
- We painted the chairs red and the walls blue.
- Mia likes reading old books.
- My uncle likes collecting coins.
- I have three glasses of milk ready for your children.
F. Mass Nouns
A mass noun does not have a plural form and refers to something that you could not usually count. A non-countable noun always takes a singular verb in a sentence.
The highlighted words in the following sentences are non-countable nouns:
- Oxygen is essential to human life.
- Mr. Tony sells some awesome furniture.
- I hope we catch some fish soon!
- I like cakes with tons of sugar in it!
G. Collective Nouns
A collective noun names a group of things, animals, or persons. You could count the individual members of the group, but you usually think of the group as a whole is generally as one unit.
In each of the following sentences, the highlighted word is a collective noun:
- The flock of birds landed on the meadow.
- The orchestra is going to perform at 7:00 pm.
- Did you see that school of fish that just swam by?
- My dad has a whole arsenal of guns.
- The navy has a strong fleet of ships.
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